Public Service Commission

Gazetted third Class Section officer Exam  2071

Third Paper Competitive Written Exam Held on 2071-12-26

Time: 3 hours
FM: 100

Subject: Contemporary Issues

Answer the following questions.
The answer to each section should be written in a separate answer book. Otherwise the answer sheet will be cancelled.

Section -A  30 Marks

  1. Defining the conflict, what kind of system is needed for social and cultural transformation of Nepal? Present your opinion. 10
  2. Discuss the policies and programs adopted by the state for social justice and equality in Nepal. 10
  3. The reasons for the decrease in the census of 2068 compared to the previous census
    Mention and discuss the effect of population growth on the economy. 10

Section -B  20 Marks

  1. How effective do you think the three-pillar economic policy (government, private and cooperative) is for the effective economic development of the country? Consider 10
  2. Highlighting the importance of foreign aid in Nepal, what measures should be taken to mobilize foreign aid effectively? Mention. 10

Section -C  30 Marks

  1. Mentioning the concept of sustainable development, mention the main obstacles to sustainable development of Nepal. 10
  2. What are the cross cutting and contemporary topics of development in today’s world? In your analysis, in order to effectively combine these topics, how do you find that Nepal’s current periodical planning document has been implemented effectively and efficiently? 10
  3. Discuss the negative and positive role played by socio-cultural traditions, social values and beliefs in the economic and social development of Nepal. 10

Section -D  30 Marks

  1. Mention the causes of forest destruction in Nepal and discuss its effects. 10
  2. What are the causes of energy crisis in Nepal despite being a country rich in water resources? Also, what should be done to get rid of that crisis? Mention. 10



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